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Tuesday, 18 December 2018

Constitution of India- Questions and Answers 66

1702. The Article of the Indian Constitution deals with Public Interest Litigation 
226 

1703. The Article of the Indian Constitution deals with the Finance Commission. 
 Article 280

1704. The Article of the India constitution which provides special status to Jammu and Kashmir 
Article 370 

1705. Important Amendments
Important Amendments
1st Amendment

1951
Ninth schedule was added in this amendment.
This amendment aimed to impose restrictions
on the right to freedom of expression
7th Amendment

1956
Re-organisation of states on the basis of
Language
10th Amendment
1961
Dadra and Nagar Haveli was included in
Indian Union as Union Territory
12th Amendment

1962
Goa, Daman and Diu were included in Indian
Union as Union Terri tori es
15th Amendment

1963
Increased the retirement age of the High Court
Judges from 60 to 62
29th Amendment

1972
The ninth Schedule was amended to include
the acts of Kerala regarding land reforms
31st Amendment

1973
Increased the elective strength of Lok Sabha
from 525 to 545
42nd Amendment

1976
This amendment Act is known as 'Mini
Constitution'
Added a list of Ten Fundamental duties adding
a new Part IV A
Three new words - SOCIALIST, SECULAR
and INTEGRITY were added in the preamble
to the constitution.
44th Amendment

1978
Right to property was deleted from the list of
fundamental rights and made it only a legal
right
52nd Amendment

1985
Anti defection act was incorporated in the 10th
schedule of the constitution
61st Amendment

1989
Voting age reduced from 21 years to 18 years
65th Amendment

1990
Provided for the establishment of National
Commission for SC and STs
69th Amendment

1991
The Union Territory of Delhi was designated
as the National Capital Territory of lndia and
may be provided with a legislative Assembly
and a council of Ministers.
71st Amendment

1992
Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali languages were
added in the Eighth Schedule

73rd Amendment

1993
The Constitution of Panchayati Raj receives
constitutional guarantee, status and
legitimacy. It also added the 11th  Schedule to
the Constitution.
74th Amendment

1993
A new part IX A relating to Nagara Palika
Act. It also added the 12th Schedule to the
Constitution.
84th Amendment

2000
Formation of new three states Chattisgarh,
Uttarakhand and Jharkhand.
86th Amendment

2002
Made elementary Education a fundamental
right. The newly added article 21A declares
that "the state shall provide free and compul-
sory education to all children of the age of six
to fourteen years".
89th Amendment

2003
Bifurcated the erstwhile combined National
Commission for SC and ST into two separate
bodies namely, National Commission for
Scheduled Castes and National Commission
for Scheduled Tribes.
91th Amendment

2003
The numbers of Council of Ministers is limited
by this Amendment Act. The numbers shall
not exceed fifteen percent
92nd Amendment

2003
Bodo, Dougri, Maithili and Santali languages
were added in the Eighth Schedule
93rd Amendment

2006
Relates to reservation of SC and ST and other
socially and economically backward classes
in higher and professional education
95th Amendment

2009
Extended the reservation of seats for SC and
ST in the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies
Up to 2020
96th Amendment

2011
The Name of Orissa was changed to Odisha
as per 1st  Schedule
97th Amendment

2012
Co-operative Societies Act, 2012

99th Amendment

2014
The Appointment of National Judicial
Appointment Commission.
100th Amendment

2015
Exchange of certain enclave territories with
Bangladesh consequent to signing of Land
bound Agreement treaty between India and
Bangladesh
101st Amendment

2017
Goods and Service Tax.
This amendment
introduced three new Articles in the
Constitution: 246A, 269A and 279A.
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