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Thursday, 17 January 2019

Information Technology (Questions & Answers ) - 43


Information Technology (Questions & Answers ) - 43
901. Which file format is used to represent document in a manner independent of application software, hardware & operating systems ?
PDF 

902. ............. is used for coding audio-visual information in a digital compressed format?
MPEG 

903. TIFF stands for ?
Tag Image File Format 

904. What is the fullform of GIF ? 
Graphics Interchange Format 

905. What is the name of the computer storage that only maintains its data while the device is powered ?
Volatile memory 

906. Which type of memory is Random Access Memory (RAM) ?
Volatile memory 

907. What are the common types of volatile storage ? 
SRAM & DRAM 

908. What was the earliest known tool for computation, developed in China ?
Abacus 

909. Who invented the difference engine in 1822 ? 
Charles Babbage 

910. Who is regarded as the 'Father of modern computer science' ?
Alan Turing 

911. The storage of a computer is also known as: 
Memory 

912. What is the name of the process of dividing the disk into tracks and sectors ?
Formatting 

913. What is the name of the network where the computers are within 100 to 300 meters?
LAN 

914. What is the name of the process of transferring files from the internet to computer? 
Downloading 

915. Moving from one webpage to another webpage is known as:
Browsing 

916. Which part of a computer performs logical operations?
Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU) 

917. What is the fullform of URL ?
Uniform Resource Locator 

918. What is the name of the collection of physical elements which comprises a computer ?
Hardware 

919. What is used to provide data and control signals to a computer? 
Input devices 

920. What is the full form of MICR?
Magnetic Ink Character Recognition 

921. Which input device is used to read the characters which are written in the magnetised ink?
MICR 

922. What is the fullform of OMR?
Optical Mark Recognition 

923. What is OCR stands for ?
Optical Character Recognition 

924. The Visual Display Unit of a computer is commonly known as:
Monitor 

925. ........ is a kind of printer that interprets commands from a computer to make line drawings on paper ?
Plotters 

926. What is the major use of plotters?
Engineering applications like drawing maps 

927. What is the name of a computer's memory which is accessible directlly by processing unit ?
Primary memory 

928. Which are the two types of primary memories? 
ROM&RAM 

929. Which is the non-volatile and resident memory of the computer? 
ROM (Read Only Memory) 

930. The information & instructions needed to operate a computer is present in 
ROM 
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