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SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: ISRO – it's activities and achievements - Questions and Answers (PART - 1)

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: ISRO – it's activities and achievements - 1

PSC Degree Level Syllabus Based Questions and Answers: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY- ISRO – its activities and achievements / Technology in Space and Defence:  Evolution of Indian Space Programme, ISRO – it's activities and achievements, various Satellite Programmes – DRDO-vision, mission and activities.

പി.എസ്.സി. ഡിഗ്രിലെവൽ സിലബസിനെ അടിസ്ഥാനമാക്കി തയ്യാറാക്കിയ വിവരങ്ങൾ. 
* PSC Degree Level Questions and Answers
* ASLV stands for Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle
 
* SLV 3 is India's first experimental Satellite Launch Vehicle
 
* GSLV used solid fuel in the first stage and liquid fuel in the second stage in its operations.
 
* ISRO was set up in 1969. Its headquarters in Bengaluru
 
* The first Satellite launched in India was Aryabhatta. Great scientist Dr Vikram Sarabhai is known as the father of Indian space research

* IRNSS is a Navigation Satellite.
 
* Rakesh Sharma is the first Indian man in space.
 
* Satish Dhawan space centre (SDSC), SHAR is situated at Sriharikota.
 
* APPLE was India's first experimental, geostationary satellite India's first experimental satellite was assisted by the Soviet Union.

* INSAT-2 Project was India's first indigenously built satellite.
 
* The headquarter of DRDO is in New Delhi.
 
* IRNSS-IE, the fifth satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) was launched by vehicle PSLV-C31

* IRNSS consists of a constellation of seven satellites of which three are geostationary and four are non-geostationary. It will provide mapping and tracking services. Countries like Russia, Japan and China have the cryogenic engine technique.

* GSLV mark 3 is the heaviest rocket of India.

* Mars Mission was India's first interplanetary mission. ISRO become the 4th space agency to reach Mars. India is the first Asian nation to reach Mars orbit.
 
* Chandrayan I was launched by ISRO in October 2008. The Vehicle was Successfully inserted into Lunar Orbit on 8 November 2008. Prime Minister
Atal Bihari Vajpayee announced the project on course in his Independence Day speech on 15 August 2003.

* Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) was developed and operated by Indigenously in India.
 
* Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) is situated in
Kerala.

* Nirbhay is a missile of 1000 km.

* Brahmos missile is developed by DRDO.
 
* The range of Agni III is between 3000 to 5000 km.
 
* The Missile `Nag' works on the theory of `fire and forget.
 
* Agni V Missile is an InterContinental Ballistic Missile. It is indigenously developed by India. Its range is between 50006000 km.

* Department of Defense Research and Development comes under the Ministry of Defence. In India in Hasan (Karnataka) and Bhopal (MP) has to master
control facility.

* Field Marshal, General, Lieutenant General and Major General is the decreasing order of officers in the Indian Army. The Chief of Air Force is called Air Chief Marshal.

* Indian Institute of Astrophysics is in Odisha.

* The USA is India's biggest partner in the development of space programmes.

* Tarapur Atomic Research Station is in Maharashtra.
 
* Kudankulam Nuclear power project is in Tamil Nadu.
 
* Narora Atomic power station is in UP.
* Bhabha Atomic Research Centre is situated in Maharashtra.
 
* Assam Rifles is the oldest paramilitary in the country.

*  Army Day is observed in India on January 15.
 
* The headquarter of Mazagon Dockyard Limited is in Mumbai.
 
* BRAHMOS is a supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft or land. It can hit at the maximum range of 290 km. It has the capability to hit surface targets as low as 10 metres of altitude.

* India purchases its maximum defence equipment from the USA.
 
* Dhruva is an advanced light helicopter.

* The Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) was set up in 1985.

* National Map policy was announced in May-2005

* Defence series maps based on Lambert conformal conic projection.

* Survey of India (SOI) is at the forefront of providing tidal information for the Indian Ocean.

* SOI will redefine the vertical datum of Geoids by establishing a network throughout the country.

* Survey Training Institute Hyderabad established under UNDP.
 
* Under the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Survey of India (SOI) was set up in 1767.
 
* National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem (NMSHE) and National Mission for Strategic Knowledge on Climate Change (NMSKCC) are the missions launched by National Action for Climate Change (NAPCC)

* SRISHTI, the main policy goal to led the path for India is the main policy goal for the new science, Technology and Innovation Policy (STI).
 
* DRDO testfired a short-range air-to-air missile Astra, the range of which is 25 to 40 km.

* ISRO successfully launched its 40th communication satellite

* GSAT-31 from the space centre of French Guiana on February 5, 2019, via rocket Ariane 5 (VA247). The Satellite weighing 2535 kg will be used in VSAT networks, television uplinks, digital satellite news gathering, DTH television services and cellular back hall connectivity and among other services.

* ISRO has placed the worlds lightest Satellite - Kalam SAT V2 in the Earth's orbit. Along with this the imaging satellite MicrosatR has also been sent into space. Both these satellites were launched through PSLV 44 Launch Vehicle from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota. Kalam SAT was created by space kids India, a Chennai based space education firm.

* ISRO has established India's first human space flight centre in Bangalore. This centre will launch the first human space mission by the end of 2022. This human mission will include one women astronaut. The first unmanned mission will be sent in December 2020 and the second mission will be sent in 2022.
Human Space Flight Centre (HSFC) was inaugurated in Bangalore. S Unnikrishnan is the founder-director of HSFC. Union Cabinet has already approved a budget of Rs. 9023 cr. for this project. This centre will be responsible for the implementation of the Gaganyaan project.

* ISRO launched the Electronic Intelligence Satellite EMISAT with the help of Indian Rocket PSLV. EMISAT was launched for the DRDO. EMISATis very important to keep an eye on movement at the border. Its main objective is to monitor electronic or any kind of human activity on the border of Pakistan. Earlier ISRO launched Microsat R for DRDO.

* ISRO has started a special program called ''Young Scientist Program'' (Yuvika) for school children from the year 2019. The objective of this programme is mainly to impart basic knowledge on space technology, space science and space applications to the youth with intention of arousing their interest in the emerging fields of space activities.

* ISRO has decided to start work on a plan to establish its own space station by 2030. The US and Russia built the International  Space Station (ISS) in 1998 as a joint project. China has launched two space stations Tiangong-1 and Tiangong-2. The international space station (ISS) is situated 400 km above the earth.

* Gaganyan mission - The first manned space mission of ISRO proposed to be launched by 2022.

* ISRO launched Cartosat-3 satellite on 27 Nov 2019. The Cartosat-3 satellite was launched with the help of PSLV-C47 from the Satish Dhawan space centre in Sriharikota. Cartosat3 is a remote sensing or earth observational satellite.
Cartosat3 is equipped with high-resolution imaging capacity. This satellite will also help in monitoring India's borders and natural disasters. It will be placed in an orbit of 509 km at an inclination of 97.5 degrees.

* Govt launches DD Science and India Science Channels. India Science is an online channel on DD National from Monday to Saturday from 5 pm-6 pm. The DD Science and India Science channels will feature science-based documentaries, studio-based discussions, and virtual walk-through of Scientific institutions, interviews and short films.
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